Zambia was named after the fourth biggest river in Africa
The Zambezi is the fourth longest river in Africa after the Nile, Congo, and Niger Rivers. Lake Kariba is the world’s biggest man-made lake and is used for commercial fishing operations and to supply electric hydropower to Zambia and Zimbabwe.
The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country in Southern-Central Africa (although some sources consider it part of East Africa). Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copper-belt Province to the northwest, the core economic hubs of the country.
Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British colonized the region into the British protectorates of Barotseland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.
On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and Prime Minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda’s socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto “One Zambia, One Nation”. Dr. Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD) in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralization. Levy Mwanawasa, Chiluba’s chosen successor, presided over Zambia from January 2002 until his death in August 2008 and is credited with campaigns to reduce corruption and increase the standard of living. After Mwanawasa’s death, Rupiah Banda presided as Acting President before being elected President in 2008. Holding the office for only three years, Banda stepped down after his defeat in the 2011 elections by Patriotic Front party leader Michael Sata. President Sata died on 28 October 2014, making him the second Zambian president to die in office. Dr. Guy Scott served briefly as interim president until new elections were held on 20 January 2015, in which Edgar Lungu was elected as the sixth President.
In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world’s fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka. The economy of Zambia is one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa and its capital, Lusaka is the fastest growing city in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Zambia itself is one of Sub-Saharan Africa’s most highly urbanized countries. About one-half of the country’s 16 million people are concentrated in a few urban zones strung along the major transportation corridors, while rural areas are under-populated. Zambia raised $7 billion from international investors by issuing separate sovereign bonds in 2012, 2014, and 2015. Concurrently, it issued over $4 billion in domestic debt and agreed to Chinese-financed infrastructure projects, significantly increasing the country’s public debt burden to more than 60% of GDP. The government has considered refinancing $3 billion worth of Eurobonds and significant Chinese loans to cut debt servicing costs.
Zambia’s main export is copper and is Africa’s largest producer of Copper and Cobalt. Its main export is copper which is produced around 1.5 million tonnes a year. Although copper production was affected by low copper prices in the late 1990s, Copper production has been increased since 2000. It increased to 572,793 tonnes in 2007 from a low of 256,884 tonnes in 2000; representing an increase of over 100%.
The four big mines dominate Zambia’s copper production, complemented by several smaller players who also play an important role. All the mines are backed by a wide range of respected international investors. The Zambian government, through its investment-holding company ZCCM-IH, is a minority shareholder in nearly all of them – and is, in effect, the biggest shareholder in Zambia’s mining industry.
The “Big Four” are Barrick Lumwana, FQM Kansanshi, Mopani and KCM (Konkola Copper Mines). They account for around 80% of Zambia’s annual copper production. They account for most of the mining employment, most of the corporate social investment and most of the media publicity. They are the leaders in direct fixed investment in the industry, having ploughed a collective $12.4 billion into new mining projects between 2000 and 2014.
Tourism in Zambia;
Acknowledged as one of the safest countries in the world to visit, Zambia’s welcoming people live in peace and harmony. And here, in the warm heart of Africa. Zambia has more than 2500 lions along with several National parks, waterfalls, lakes, rivers, and historic monuments. Zambia has been involved in several agreements on tourism with neighboring nations like Uganda and Kenya. Uganda Minister of Tourism Tress Buchanayendi said Zambia is a model in tourism in Africa. Tourism Council of Zambia (TCZ) has partnered with the Government and private sector to enhance the marketing aspect of the tourism industry.
Taking the family to Victoria Falls is a foolproof way to ensuring everyone has an unforgettable holiday experience whilst also creating different opportunities to spend quality time together.
From getting drenched in the mist and spray of the world’s largest waterfall to taking a thrilling dip in Devil’s Pool adjacent Livingstone Island and reeling in the fighting tiger fish on the Zambezi River, this is an excellent family holiday destination.
Teenage kids that are into having an extreme water adventure will love the white-water rafting trips on the Zambezi River’s powerful rapids. These have a tried-and-tested reputation for getting the heart really pumping in even the most experienced of adrenaline junkies. You can also head out on the Zambezi for those burgeoning anglers (young and old) keen on reeling in some large fish like the notorious tiger fish.
Usually, open between mid-August and mid-January, Devil’s Pool is a short swim across from Livingstone Island above the falls when the Zambezi River’s water levels are at their lowest. It feels like you’re at the edge of the world, as you peer over the edge of nature’s own infinity pool and down to the bottom of the falls below. Children 12 years and older can enjoy this exciting activity and parents need not worry as complete safety precautions and extra vigilance are taken by the guides.
Lodges like Tongabezi offer multiple accommodation options for families, large or small, looking to take time out from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. Several chalets and houses have been designed and furnished with families in mind and care is taken to ensure the experience is as child-friendly as possible.
At the world-class Tangala House by Tongabezi, the family can enjoy the large private swimming pool, trampoline, lawn games, various board games as well as a television nook. The full complement of private staff includes a private guide and chef, which means you, will only need to worry about spending time with the family.
The Map of Zambia
Zambia is divided into 10 provinces, namely: Central, Copper-belt, Eastern, Luapula, Lusaka, Northern, Muchinga*, North-Western, Southern and Western. These provinces are further divided into 72 total districts.
The information presented in this report is part of YALI TV Country Correspondence Coordinator’s research 2020. The research’s overall goals were to educate and promote the country of origin by the researcher. All written information was presented before March 2020.
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Ethan Fiore kafwani
Country Correspondence Coordinator Zambia